CONCLUSIONS

The 3rd Edition of the International Conference on Sustainable Mobility Sustainable Road Transport and Mobility for a Sustainable Future

Marrakech, Novembre 26, 2019

Conclusions

  1. The exemplary cooperation between ADM, IRF and ASECAP, has largely contributed to positioning the international conference on sustainable mobility as an essential meeting point allowing to bring together all the actors, to exchange views on the policies, to share reflections and experiences, to capitalize on good practices, and finally to raise awareness. Their leadership and involvement have led to the creation of a real platform for continuous and lasting dialogue, facilitating decision-making, and fostering consensus between the different parties for a shared vision of sustainable mobility in Morocco and Africa.

 

  1. Thanks to its commitment to reduction of greenhouse gases, and also to its social, cultural and geographic proximity to its fellow African countries, Morocco will continue to use its experience and know-how to advance the debate, bring together points of view and finally to progress together for safer, more resilient and more sustainable roads, especially in a context marked by climate change.

 

  1. Sustainable mobility is a fundamental component of the quality of life for population and constitutes the cornerstone of sustainable and inclusive economic growth. The notion of accessibility is crucial for sustainable mobility, particularly in emerging economies. Therefore, access to employment, care services, education and infrastructure for entertainment, with a minimization approach of the carbon footprint must be taken into account upstream of territorial policies.

 

  1. The “Vinci Autoroutes Foundation for Responsible Driving” has conducted a barometer to analyze the behavior of Moroccan drivers, as has been done in Europe.

           The following conclusions emerge:

    • As in Europe, Moroccan drivers are more complacent with themselves and more severe with other drivers. 88% are afraid of the aggressive behavior of other drivers.
    • They are 50% to insult another driver against 56% in Europe, 20% deliberately stick the vehicle of a driver who annoys them against 32% in Europe, 25% drive forgetting to fasten their seat belts, 30% forget to slow down at road maintenance or construction sites, 37% do not respect the safety distances.
    • 27% cite inattention as the main cause of road accidents against 54% in Europe, 19% think that inattention is one of the main causes of accidents on the motorway, against 35% in Europe. Connected objects are widely used: in Morocco, 57% are driven with a hands-free kit or a bluetooth  against 45% in Europe. They are 35% to hold their phone in hand, 25% handle a geolocation application and 18% send or read e-mails or messages on their mobile phone.
    • 39% think that drowsiness is a cause of motorway accidents. Many drivers take risks, 71% drive at night, 28% feel asleep for a few seconds and 21% hit the emergency stop lane.
    • Finally, the average driving time before a break is 3h16 while the recommendations are 2 hours. Two good practices are widely encouraged: taking a nap and changing drivers during journeys.
  1. The economic cost of climate change, beyond direct damage to roads and bridges, is never assessed. De facto, climate change must transform the way we think, do business and assess financial performance. Taking this dimension into account is now necessary, especially in the evaluation of the various projects to make major decisions.

 

  1. Data is essential for understanding the various issues and contributes greatly to knowing how to address them. Building a reliable and exhaustive knowledge base is the first step to defining suitable and impactful actions. Similarly, the identification of key indicators of means and performance, makes it possible to follow the progress of the achievements and assigned objectives, to measure their relevance and to adapt the actions to maximize their impact. In this context, an African road safety observatory has been created and is carrying out important work to constitute a pan-African center of knowledge and data in the field of road safety. Also, studies, surveys and barometers on sustainable driving strengthen knowledge on this subject, and contribute to carrying out targeted awareness campaigns. Cooperation with various organizations, in particular the Vinci foundation, sheds light on user behavior, on the impact of new distractions for motorists and on the risks linked to drowsiness. Research in the field is helping to discover new methods of preventing and improving road safety, like the sleep markers found in saliva. Finally, big data and predictive analytics are solid ways to prevent accidents, or to measure the resilience of roads in the context of climate change.

 

  1. The transition to the green economy and the transformation of the limits of the environment into sources of growth are the real challenges of our century. Sustainable mobility is a sector full of economic potential, such as the democratization of car pooling, the significant increase in public transport, electric mobility, the implementation of services and applications to relieve congestion in cities and networks, adapted incentives or special routes for shared vehicles. There is no shortage of innovations, however, the transition to sustainable mobility requires the convergence of public will, modes of travel and behavior, and finally, new technologies. Likewise, cooperation between the private sector and the public, or between several private companies through consortia, is a key success factor in creating an environment conducive to innovation and incurring concrete impacts in terms of sustainable and secure mobility.

 

  1. On a global scale, road safety is a shared responsibility of all stakeholders: government, road authorities, construction and maintenance operators, and users. It requires collective action on several levels: on the driver, on the vehicle and on the infrastructure, as well as in prevention as in post-crash. For this purpose, secondary roads are often the most deadly and require special attention. An interesting example has been set up as part of concession negotiations, so the successful concessionaire undertakes to invest in the secondary road network in parallel with the management of the motorway network for which it is responsible.

 

  1. Even if the objectives of the United Nations ‘Decade to Action’ program for road safety by 2020 have not been achieved, some successes can be celebrated, notably the establishment of a solid framework, the implementation of a dedicated fund and the deployment of common tools for road safety. Projects which participate in the creation of safer roads can benefit from financial and technical support through the fund dedicated to this purpose. Finally, the year 2020 and the event planned in Sweden aims to assess the actions of the « Decade to Action » and to prepare commitments for the next decade.

 

  1. Green finance, in particular « green bonds », are more oriented towards renewable energy and energy efficiency projects, and less towards so-called sustainable mobility projects. This should encourage reflection in order to mobilize funds on this very important topic. Road infrastructure is indeed fundamental for accessibility to employment, healthcare services and education. Sustainable mobility more broadly is an essential vector of sustainable development, in its social and human component. It is therefore recommended to think of « greener » roads through several levers including the promotion of car pooling, the setting up bicycle and pedestrian roads and the integration of road construction materials reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. Finally, the implementation of assessment tools and predictive analyzes in the field of sustainable mobility could also be part of green finance projects.

 

  1. The highway can be a great accelerator of the energy transition, by being more connected, more efficient, safer, more intermodal, more electric and ultimately more sustainable. It can constitute a laboratory for all innovative sustainable mobility solutions: electric charging stations, hydrogen distribution, shared mobility lane, connected car …etc. Similarly, motorway radio is a very significant communication vector for prevention, awareness-raising and for the transformation of behaviors in greater accordance with sustainable mobility.

 

  1. Finally, we discovered interesting and enriching experiences with our national and international partners: like the project to decongest roads in the Netherlands, tools for making decision took into account sustainability, platforms to design more sustainable roads, connected cars projects intended to maximize the safety, innovative materials to reduce GHGs, soundtracks to combat drowsiness, methods of combating erosion, fleet management systems, smart parking applications, control systems for speed limits on the inter-urban network, methods for preventing risks due to climate change for construction and maintenance stages, etc. All this shows that there is a plethora of innovations and initiatives, and that it is desirable to work collectively for greater accessibility, comfort and security. It is the bridges between the various institutions and the private sector that will make it possible to achieve these objectives of resilience and sustainability.

 

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